The early Sanskrit writers mentioned it under the names ‘Vidari’ and ‘Bhumi-Kushmanda’. In the Nighantas, it has several synonyms. It was part of the composition of several diuretic and demulcent mixtures. In the Konkan region of India, the root was peeled, cut in to small pieces and dried for use as an aphrodisiac. The ‘Susruta’ gave several prescriptions for its use as an aphrodisiac.

It is found in India in the east including Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal, Assam, and the west coast from Konkan to Kerala. It grows mostly in moist areas, monsoon forests and in coastal tracts. The plant is also grown for ornamental purposes and trained against trellises and pillars.



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