The Buddha, out of his personal experience, found that suffering arises because of the mental habit of craving (tanhatanha). This in itself was not a new discovery, but what was unique to his teaching was that he found a practical way out of suffering. By exploring the depths of his mind, he realized that between external objects and the mental reflex of craving, is a missing link – Vedana – the feeling of body sensations.
Vipassana is one of the most ancient techniques of meditation in India. Long lost to humanity, it was rediscovered more than 2,500 years ago by Gautama, the Buddha, and was taught by him as a universal remedy for the universal truth of suffering. Though an integral part of the Indian spiritual heritage, prior to the last 20 years, the technique had not been practiced in India for centuries. As a result, little research has been done on the theory and practice of Vipassana.