The Sanskrit word Shiva means auspicious, propitious, in good health or condition, happy, prosperous and fortunate. Shiva is the personification of the Universal Soul or Purusha of the Samkhya and is represented in one form or the other as protective and healer god on the Indian continent. Shiva signifies the concept of time (kala) but he is beyond time and therefore called Mahakala. He is Mahakala, because he presides over the dissolution of the world at the end of each aeon (yuga), but He is beyond this dissolution.
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